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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 15;276(24):21656-63. Epub 2001 Mar 30.

The neural recognition molecule L1 is a sialic acid-binding lectin for CD24, which induces promotion and inhibition of neurite outgrowth.

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Zentrum für Molekulare Neurobiologie, Universität Hamburg, Martinistr. 52, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany.


Among the recognition molecules that determine a neuron's interaction with other cells, L1 and CD24 have been suggested to cooperate with each other in neurite outgrowth and signal transduction. Here we report that binding of CD24 to L1 depends on alpha2,3-sialic acid on CD24, which determines the CD24 induced and cell type-specific promotion or inhibition of neurite outgrowth. Using knockout mutants, we could show that the CD24-induced effects on neurite outgrowth are mediated via L1, and not GPI-linked CD24, by trans-interaction of L1 with sialylated CD24. This glycoform is excluded together with L1 from raft microdomains, suggesting that molecular compartmentation in the surface membrane could play a role in signal transduction.

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