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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001 Mar;163(4):1002-9.

Liver-lung interactions following Escherichia coli bacteremic sepsis and secondary hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury.

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Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine, Saint Louis University Health Sciences Center, St. Louis, Missouri 63110-0250, USA.


We hypothesized that ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of the liver during normotensive gram-negative bacteremic sepsis alters the kinetics of circulating endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and coinduced mediators, thereby exacerbating sepsis-induced lung inflammation. Liver and lung dysfunction were studied after hematogenous infection of Sprague-Dawley rats with 10(9) Escherichia coli serotype O55:B5 (EC) and 90 min of secondary hepatic ischemia in EC + I/R and saline-infused (normal saline NS) x I/R rats, followed by brief (1 h) or longer reperfusion (24 h). TNF- alpha:leukotriene interactions in this model were examined using the 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein inhibitor MK-886. Compared with sham-operated EC + Sham animals, peak serum endotoxin, TNF-alpha, alanine aminotransferase, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and hepatic neutrophil (PMN) influx were higher in EC + I/R rats through 24 h (p < 0.05) despite comparable arterial pressure. Lung PMN influx and wet/dry weight ratios were likewise enhanced in EC + I/R versus EC + Sham or NS + I/R rats. MK-886 attenuated TNF-alpha concentrations and ischemic liver injury but not mortality. Thus, focal hepatic I/R augments circulating endotoxin, TNF-alpha, and postbacteremic lung inflammation early after normotensive E. coli bacteremic sepsis.

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