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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2001 Apr;4(2):126-31.

How sigma docks to RNA polymerase and what sigma does.

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McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1400 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


It is clear that multiple sites of interaction exist between sigmas and core subunits, likely reflecting the changing pattern of interactions that occur sequentially during the complex process of holoenzyme formation, open promoter formation, and initiation of transcription. Recent studies have revealed that a major site of interaction of Escherichia coli sigma factors is the amino acid 260-309 coiled-coil region of the beta' subunit of core RNA polymerase. This region of beta' interacts with region 2.1-2.2 of sigma(70). Binding of this region of beta' to sigma(70) triggers a conformational change in sigma that allows it to bind to a -10 nontemplate promoter DNA strand oligonucleotide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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