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Structure and function of invertebrate 5-HT receptors: a review.

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Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, NY 13346, USA.


Over the last decade, knowledge of invertebrate serotonin receptors has expanded greatly. The first 5-HT receptor from Drosophila was cloned 10 years ago, and subsequently, 11 additional receptor genes have been cloned from Drosophila, molluscs (Lymnaea and Aplysia) and nematodes (Caenorhabditis and Ascaris). Information has also accumulated from physiological and biochemical studies that have used vertebrate serotonergic ligands to characterize endogenous invertebrate receptors. Although the endogenous receptors are often classified according to mammalian-based categories, in many cases the pharmacological properties of vertebrate and invertebrate receptors differ significantly and the actual identity of the latter is questionable. By providing information on the gene structure and amino acid sequence, molecular cloning studies offer a more definitive way to identify and classify invertebrate 5-HT receptors. This review summarizes information on the pharmacological and transductional properties of cloned invertebrate 5-HT receptors, and considers recent studies of endogenous receptors in the light of this new data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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