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J Bone Miner Metab. 2001;19(2):84-8.

Effect of 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 and egg-shell calcium on bone metabolism in ovariectomized osteoporotic model rats.

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Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Home Economics, Japan Women's University, Tokyo.


Egg-shell calcium (Ca) is one of the effective Ca sources for bone metabolism. In the present study, we investigated whether egg-shell Ca had similar effects compared with calcium carbonate (CaCO3) when vitamin D3 (1alpha(OH)D3) treatment was given to an osteoporotic rat model. In both 1alpha(OH)D3-supplemented and -unsupplemented rats, the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumber spine in the vitamin-supplemented group increased significantly compared with the unsupplemented group. In a Ca balance study, there were also significant differences in intestinal Ca absorption, urinary Ca and fecal Ca between the vitamin-supplemented and -unsupplemented groups. These results show that egg-shell Ca could have similar effects to CaCO3 on bone metabolism. In contrast with CaCO3, vitamin D3 supplementation did not significantly increase serum Ca levels in the egg-shell Ca group; however, the mechanism of Ca absorption is still unclear. Our results suggest that egg-shell Ca may be an effective nutrient in Ca metabolism for people treated with vitamin D3.

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