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Int J Cancer. 2001 Apr 1;92(1):88-95.

Murine monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody as a surrogate antigen for human Her-2/neu.

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Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine and The Barrett Cancer Center for Prevention, Treatment and Research, University of Cincinnati, OH 45267-0509, USA.


The anti-idiotypic (Id) monoclonal antibody (MAb) 520C9-6b (IgG1k), raised in syngenic mice against the murine anti-Her2/neu MAb 520C9 (Ab1), functionally mimics a human Her2/neu epitope and serves as a surrogate for the protein antigen. Immunization of allogeneic C57BL/6 mice and rabbits with 520C9-6b (Ab2) induced anti-Her2/neu-specific antibodies that react with antigen-positive SKBr3 cells by ELISA and FACS analysis. The immune sera inhibited binding between Ab1 and Ab2 and vice versa (binding of Ab2 to Ab1), indicating that it was a true anti-anti-Id (Ab3) antibody. The Ab3 sera or purified Ab3 specifically lysed Her2/neu-positive SKBr3 cells, but no significant lysis was observed in antigen-negative LS174T cells in an antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assay. An Id-specific cellular immune response was also demonstrated in an in vitro lymphocyte proliferation assay. Furthermore, a panel of tumor tissues and tumor cells was screened for the presence of the Her2/neu epitope by its reactivity with Ab1 and Ab3 using immunohistochemistry and FACS analysis. Identical results were obtained using either Ab1 or Ab3 (Ab1'). The data indicated that anti-Id 520C9-6b can induce Her2/neu-specific antibody in experimental animals and may serve as a potential network antigen for the treatment of patients bearing Her2/neu-positive tumors.

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