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J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 20;276(16):13240-7. Epub 2001 Jan 22.

c-Src tyrosine kinase binds the beta 2-adrenergic receptor via phospho-Tyr-350, phosphorylates G-protein-linked receptor kinase 2, and mediates agonist-induced receptor desensitization.

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Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Research Program, University Medical Center, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-8651, USA.


The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Src has been implicated in the switching of signaling of beta2-adrenergic receptors from adenylylcyclase coupling to the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. In the current work, we demonstrate that Src plays an active role in the agonist-induced desensitization of beta2-adrenergic receptors. Both the expression of dominant-negative Src and treatment with the 4-amine-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP2) inhibitor of Src kinase activity blocks agonist-induced desensitization. Agonist triggers tyrosine phosphorylation of the beta2-adrenergic receptor and recruitment and activation of Src. Because phosphorylation of the Tyr-350 residue of the beta2-adrenergic receptor creates a conditional, canonical SH2-binding site on the receptor, we examined the effect of the Y350F mutation on Src phosphorylation, Src recruitment, and desensitization. Mutant beta2-adrenergic receptors with a Tyr-to-Phe substitution at Tyr-350 do not display agonist-induced desensitization, Src recruitment, or Src activation. Downstream of binding to the receptor, Src phosphorylates and activates G-protein-linked receptor kinase 2 (GRK2), a response obligate for agonist-induced desensitization. Constitutively active Src increases GRK phosphorylation, whereas either expression of dominant-negative Src or treatment with the PP2 inhibitor abolishes tyrosine phosphorylation of GRK and desensitization. Thus, in addition to its role in signal switching to the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, Src recruitment to the beta2-adrenergic receptor and activation are obligate for normal agonist-induced desensitization.

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