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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 15;276(24):21417-24. Epub 2001 Feb 27.

Characterization of a novel synGAP isoform, synGAP-beta.

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Department of Neuroplasticity, Research Center on Aging and Adaptation, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.


We cloned a cDNA encoding a novel synGAP, synGAP-d (GenBank(TM) accession number ), from a rat brain cDNA library. The clone consisted of 4801 nucleotides with a coding sequence of 3501 nucleotides, encoded a protein consisting of 1166 amino acids with >99% homology with 1092 amino acid overlaps to synGAP, and contained a 13-nucleotide insertion to the previously reported synGAP mRNAs, which suggested that the clone was a splice variant of synGAP. We also found that there are at least seven variants in the 3' portion of the synGAP mRNA and that they encoded five different protein isoforms. The coding sequence of these C-terminal variants were classified into alpha1, alpha2, beta1, beta2, beta3, beta4, and gamma, and synGAP-d was classified as the beta1 form. The previously reported synGAPs (synGAP-a, -b, and -c and p135synGAP) can be classified as the alpha1 isoform. All isoforms were expressed specifically in the brain. Unexpectedly, the beta isoform, which lacks a C-terminal PSD-95-binding motif ((S/T)XV), was more restricted to the postsynaptic density fraction than the motif-containing alpha1 isoform. The beta isoform did not interact with PSD-95 but specifically interacted with a nonphosphorylated alpha subunit of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II through its unique C-terminal tail.

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