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J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 6;276(14):11252-6. Epub 2001 Feb 15.

A cysteine-rich adipose tissue-specific secretory factor inhibits adipocyte differentiation.

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Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


A 12.5-kDa cysteine-rich adipose tissue-specific secretory factor (ADSF/resistin) is a novel secreted protein rich in serine and cysteine residues with a unique cysteine repeat motif of CX(12)CX(8)CXCX(3)CX(10)CXCXCX(9)CC. A single 0.8-kilobase mRNA coding for this protein was found in various murine white adipose tissues including inguinal and epididymal fats and also in brown adipose tissue but not in any other tissues examined. Two species of mRNAs with sizes of 1.4 and 0.8 kilobases were found in rat adipose tissue. Sequence analysis indicates that this is because of two polyadenylation signals, the proximal one with the sequence AATACA with a single base mismatch from murine AATAAA and the distal consensus sequence AATAAA. The mRNA level was markedly increased during 3T3-L1 and primary preadipocyte differentiation into adipocytes. Its expression in adipose tissue is under tight nutritional and hormonal regulation; the mRNA level was very low during fasting and increased 25-fold when fasted mice were refed a high carbohydrate diet. It was also very low in adipose tissue of streptozotocin-diabetes and increased 23-fold upon insulin administration. Upon treatment with the conditioned medium from COS cells transfected with the expression vector, conversion of 3T3-L1 cells to adipocytes was inhibited by 80%. The regulated expression pattern suggesting this factor as an adipose sensor for the nutritional state of the animals and the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation implicate its function as a feedback regulator of adipogenesis.

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