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Phys Ther. 2001 Apr;81(4):995-1005.

Balance and mobility following stroke: effects of physical therapy interventions with and without biofeedback/forceplate training.

Author information

1
Cardinal Hill Rehabilitation Hospital, 2050 Versailles Rd, Lexington, KY 40504, USA. ruthann@usa.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Visual biofeedback/forceplate systems are often used for treatment of balance disorders. In this study, the researchers investigated whether the addition of visual biofeedback/forceplate training could enhance the effects of other physical therapy interventions on balance and mobility following stroke.

SUBJECTS:

The study included a sample of convenience of 13 outpatients with hemiplegia who ranged in age from 30 to 77 years (mean=60.4, SD=15.4) and were 15 to 538 days poststroke.

METHODS:

Subjects were assigned randomly to either an experimental group or a control group when the study began, and their cognitive and visual-perceptual skills were tested by a psychologist. Subjects were also assessed using the Berg Balance Scale and the Timed "Up & Go" Test before and after 4 weeks of physical therapy. Both groups received physical therapy interventions designed to improve balance and mobility 2 to 3 times per week. The experimental group trained on the NeuroCom Balance Master for 15 minutes of each 50-minute treatment session. The control group received other physical therapy for 50 minutes.

RESULTS:

Following intervention, both groups scored higher on the Berg Balance Scale and required less time to perform the Timed "Up & Go" Test. These improvements corresponded to increased independence of balance and mobility in the study population. However, a comparison of mean changes revealed no differences between groups.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION:

Although both groups demonstrated improvement following 4 weeks of physical therapy interventions, no additional effects were found in the group that received visual biofeedback/forceplate training combined with other physical therapy.

PMID:
11276182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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