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Trends Genet. 2001 Apr;17(4):221-8.

The myotubularin family: from genetic disease to phosphoinositide metabolism.

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1
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, 1 rue Laurent Fries, BP163, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, C.U. de, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

The myotubularin-related genes define a large family of eukaryotic proteins, most of them initially characterized by the presence of a ten-amino acid consensus sequence related to the active sites of tyrosine phosphatases, dual-specificity protein phosphatases and the lipid phosphatase PTEN. Myotubularin (hMTM1), the founder member, is mutated in myotubular myopathy, and a close homolog (hMTMR2) was recently found mutated in a recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy. Although myotubularin was thought to be a dual-specificity protein phosphatase, recent results indicate that it is primarily a lipid phosphatase, acting on phosphatidylinositol 3-monophosphate, and might be involved in the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) pathway and membrane trafficking.

PMID:
11275328
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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