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Anesth Analg. 2001 Apr;92(4):842-7.

Oxygenation during one-lung ventilation: the effects of inhaled nitric oxide and increasing levels of inspired fraction of oxygen.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Therapy , University Hospital, 07740 Jena, Germany.


We studied whether inhaled nitric oxide (NO) would improve arterial oxygen tension (PaO(2)) and reduce the occurrence of oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (O(2)Hb) < 90% during one-lung ventilation (OLV). One-hundred-fifty-two patients were ventilated either with or without NO (20 ppm) with an inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO(2)) of either 0.3, 0.5, or 1.0 during OLV. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium IV, and lung separation was achieved with a double-lumen tube. During OLV, we set positive end-expiratory pressure at 5 cm H(2)O, peak pressure at 30 cm H(2)O, and end-tidal CO(2) at 30 mm Hg. The nonventilated lung was opened to room air and collapsed. During OLV, three consecutive measurements were performed every 10 min. The operated lung was temporarily ventilated if pulse oximetric saturation (SpO(2)) decreased to < 91%. SpO(2) <9 1% occurred in 2 of the 152 patients. SpO(2) overestimated O(2)Hb by 2.9% +/- 0.1%. NO failed to improve oxygenation or alter occurrence of O(2)Hb < 90% during OLV across all time points and all levels of FIO(2). Increasing FIO(2) increased oxygenation and decreased occurrence of O(2)Hb < 90% (P: < 0.001). At FIO(2) = 1, PaO(2) was higher (P < 0.01) and O(2)Hb < 90% rate tended to be lower (P = 0.1) during right versus left lung ventilation. PaO(2) was higher in patients undergoing pneumonectomy and lobectomy than in those undergoing metastasectomy or video-assisted operations (P < 0.05).


Inhaled nitric oxide failed to improve oxygenation during one-lung ventilation. Oxygenation during one-lung ventilation was improved with increasing levels of FIO(2) during ventilation of the right versus the left lung and with increasing pathology of the nonventilated lung.

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