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Microb Drug Resist. 2000 Winter;6(4):269-75.

Clonal origin of the type 37 Streptococcus pneumoniae.

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Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas CSIC, Madrid, Spain.


It has been recently reported that different type 37 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae have an identical tts gene directing the formation of type 37 capsular polysaccharide. Here we show that type 37 S. pneumoniae strains isolated in two different continents (Europe and America) some 60 years apart frequently gave rise to nontypable variants upon in vitro cultivation. The tts gene from three independent nontypable mutants was PCR amplified and sequenced showing different classes of inactivating mutations. Furthermore, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing demonstrated that the type 37 pneumococcal isolates studied so far constitute a highly related strain cluster (a clonal complex), and strongly suggested that every type 37 pneumococcus has spread globally from a single, old clone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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