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J Food Prot. 2001 Feb;64(2):179-83.

Quantitative investigation of the effects of chemical decontamination procedures on the microbiological status of broiler carcasses during processing.

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Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Ballsbridge, Ireland.


The effects of elevated chlorine concentrations (25 ppm) added to water in the final carcass washing equipment on total viable counts (TVCs 22 degrees C) and Escherichia coli and Enterobacteriaceae levels on poultry carcasses were investigated. Mean TVC counts on neck skin samples were significantly reduced when pre-evisceration and postwash samples were compared with log10 4.98 to 4.52 CFU/g recovered, respectively (P < or = 0.05). No significant reductions in TVC counts were observed in control samples at corresponding sampling points subjected to wash water containing 1 to 2 ppm chlorine. E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae counts were not significantly altered following final carcass washing in the processing plant. A second trial assessed the microbial decontamination capabilities of sodium triphosphate (TSP) on broiler carcasses. Neck skin samples from carcasses were obtained before final washing (control), following a 15-s dip in potable water and after dipping in a 10% TSP solution (pH 12) for 15 s. Reductions in E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae counts were all statistically significant for both water and TSP-treated samples when compared with corresponding controls (P < or = 0.01). The TSP treatment resulted in higher reductions of log10 1.95 and 1.86/g for E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae, respectively. In contrast, reductions of log10 0.37 and 0.3 l/g were observed for E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae counts when water-dipped carcasses were compared with corresponding controls. Significantly, Salmonella was not detected in any of the TSP-treated carcasses, while log10 1.92 and 1.04/g were found in control and water-dipped samples, respectively. Thermophilic Campylobacter counts were significantly lower in both treatment groups when compared with corresponding controlsresulting in log10 0.55 and 1.71/g reductions for water- and TSP-dipped carcasses, respectively (P < or = 0.01).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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