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Electrophoresis. 2000 Nov;21(17):3765-80.

Towards a two-dimensional proteome map of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

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Zentrum für molekulare Biologie, Universität Heidelberg, Germany.


A Proteome map of the bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae was constructed using two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis in combination with mass spectrometry (MS). M. pneumoniae is a human pathogen with a known genome sequence of 816 kbp coding for only 688 open reading frames, and is therefore an ideal model system to explore the scope and limits of the current technology. The soluble protein content of this bacterium grown under standard laboratory conditions was separated by 1-D or 2-D gel electrophoresis applying various pH gradients, different acrylamide concentrations and buffer systems. Proteins were identified using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization ion trap and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-MS. Mass spectrometric protein identification was supported and controlled using N-terminal sequencing and immunological methods. So far, proteins from about 350 spots were characterized with MS by determining the molecular weights and partial sequences of their tryptic peptides. Comparing these experimental data with the DNA sequence-derived predictions it was possible to assign these 350 proteins to 224 genes. The importance of proteomics for genome analysis was shown by the identification of four proteins, not annotated in the original publication. Although the proteome map is still incomplete, it is already a useful reference for comparative analyses of M. pneumoniae cells grown under modified conditions.

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