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Neurosurgery. 2001 Mar;48(3):463-75.

Treating complex nervous system vascular disorders through a "needle stick": origins, evolution, and future of neuroendovascular therapy.


In the past few decades, dramatic improvements have occurred in the field of neuroendovascular surgery. Endovascular therapy today is a well-established treatment modality for a variety of cerebrovascular and nonvascular central nervous system diseases. The foundation of this spectacular evolution was laid by the efforts of pioneering visionaries who often worked alone and under difficult, almost impossible, conditions. Ongoing device development and refinement have revolutionized the field at a dizzying, exhilarating pace. With a better understanding of the molecular basis of diseases and further advancements in gene therapy, neuroendovascular techniques have an enormous potential for application to the entire spectrum of central nervous system diseases as a minimally invasive vehicle for the delivery of biological factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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