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Genome. 2001 Feb;44(1):96-103.

Centromeric tandem repeat from the chaffinch genome: isolation and molecular characterization.

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Laboratory of Chromosome Structure & Function, Biological Institute, St Petersburg State University, Russia.


A new family of avian centromeric satellites is described. The highly repeated sequence, designated FCP (Fringilla coelebs PstI element), was cloned from the 500-bp PstI digest fraction of the chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs L.) genomic DNA, sequenced, and characterized. The FCP repeat was found to have 505-506 bp length of monomer, 57% content of GC, to compose about 0.9% of the chaffinch genome, and to be highly methylated. Results of Southern-blot hybridization of cloned FCP element onto genomic DNA digested with different restriction enzymes, and sequencing directly from total genomic DNA using FCP-specific primers and ThermoFidelase enzyme (Fidelity Systems Inc.) were in agreement with a tandem arrangement of this repeat in the chaffinch genome. Five positions of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) were found in the FCP monomers using direct genomic sequencing. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with FCP probe and primed in situ labelling (PRINS) with FCP specific primers showed that the FCP elements occupy pericentric regions of all chaffinch chromosomes. On chromosome spreads, the fluorescent signals were also observed in the intercentromeric connectives between nonhomologous chromosomes. The results suggest that the centromeric FCP repeat is responsible for chromosome ordering during mitosis in chaffinch.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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