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J Med Entomol. 2001 Jan;38(1):51-4.

L-lactic acid as a mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellent on human and mouse skin.

Author information

1
Department of Biodefence Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.

Abstract

The attraction of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) to hands and forearms of human subjects treated with several concentrations of L-LA solution were studied in a test chamber containing proboscis-amputated mosquitoes. Fewer mosquitoes alighted on L-LA treated human skin than on water-treated control skin. Similar results were found using normal mosquitoes following L-LA and water treatment of mouse skin. The relative repellent effects of L-LA varied with concentration. The minimum repellent concentration was lower than previously reported for human skin. The number of alightments decreased at increasing concentrations of L-LA, demonstrating the absolute repellency of L-LA. Unlike previous reports suggesting that L-LA attracted mosquitoes, our studies using human and mouse skin showed that L-LA exhibited both relative and absolute repellency.

PMID:
11268691
DOI:
10.1603/0022-2585-38.1.51
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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