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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2001 Feb;68(2):273-81.

Separation-induced body weight loss, impairment in alternation behavior, and autonomic tone: effects of tyrosine.

Author information

1
Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolism, Hadassah Medical School, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of tyrosine on alternation behavior and hippocampal adrenergic and cholinergic tone in a model of self-induced weight loss caused by separation stress. Separation decreased body weight in mice (P < .001) and spontaneous alternations in the T-maze (P < .001). This impairment was associated with depletion of both norepinephrine (NE, P < .001) and dopamine (P < .01) while increasing MHPG (P < .05) and the ratio of MHPG/NE (P < .05). Increasing tyrosine availability restored performance to control levels (P < .001) and repleted dopamine (P < .05) and presumably also NE (indicated by increases in both MHPG, P < .001, and MHPG/NE, P < .05). Stress increased adrenergic alpha(2)-receptor density (P < .001) without changing its K(d) and the B(max) and K(d) of beta-receptors, suggesting that it decreased NE transmission through action on alpha(2)-receptors. The balance between beta- and alpha(2)-receptors appeared to be related to alternation behavior as shown by the decrease (P < .01) and increase (P < .05) in their ratios induced by stress and tyrosine, respectively. With regard to cholinergic tone, separation stress increased M1 receptor density (P < .05) and its mRNA signal (P < .001). Tyrosine further increased M1 receptor density of stressed mice (P < .05). Tyrosine might be a potential therapy for cognitive and mood problems associated with the maintenance of a reduced body weight in the treatment of obesity and in the extreme case of anorexia nervosa.

PMID:
11267632
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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