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J Biomech. 2001 Apr;34(4):533-7.

A comparison of biomechanical properties between human and porcine cornea.

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Biomechanical and Medical Information Institute, Beijing Polytechnic University, Beijing 100022, People's Republic of China.


Due to the difficulty in obtaining human corneas, pig corneas are often substituted as models for cornea research. The purpose of this study is to find the similarities and differences in the biomechanical properties between human and porcine corneas. Uniaxial tests were conducted using an Instron apparatus to determine their tensile strength, stress-strain relationship, and stress-relaxation properties. The tensile strength and stress-strain relation were very similar but significant differences between the two tissues were observed in the stress-relaxation relationship. Under the same stretch ratio lambda=1.5, porcine cornea relaxed much more than human cornea. If tensile strength and the stress-strain relation are the only mechanical factors to be investigated, porcine cornea can be used as a substitute model for human cornea research. However, when stress relaxation is a factor, porcine corneas cannot be used as an appropriate model for human corneas in mechanical property studies. It is very difficult to get enough specimens of human cornea, so we did the experiments for stress-strain relationship at a specific value of strain rate (corresponding to the velocity of loading 10mm/min), and for stress relaxation at a specific stretch ratio lambda=1.5.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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