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Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Jan-Feb;7(1):82-91.

Gastroenteritis in sentinel general practices,The Netherlands.

Author information

1
National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. matty.de.wit@rivm.nl

Abstract

From 1996 to 1999, the incidence of gastroenteritis in general practices and the role of a broad range of pathogens in the Netherlands were studied. All patients with gastroenteritis who had visited a general practitioner were reported. All patients who had visited a general practitioner for gastroenteritis (cases) and an equal number of patients visiting for nongastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were invited to participate in a case-control study. The incidence of gastroenteritis was 79.7 per 10,000 person years. Campylobacter was detected most frequently (10% of cases), followed by Giardia lamblia (5%), rotavirus (5%), Norwalk-like viruses (5%) and Salmonella (4%). Our study found that in the Netherlands (population 15.6 million), an estimated 128,000 persons each year consult their general practitioner for gastroenteritis, slightly less than in a comparable study in 1992 to 1993. A pathogen could be detected in almost 40% of patients (bacteria 16%, viruses 15%, parasites 8%).

PMID:
11266298
PMCID:
PMC2631671
DOI:
10.3201/eid0701.010113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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