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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2001 Feb;12(2):187-93.

Sarcomas metastatic to the liver: response and survival after cisplatin, doxorubicin, mitomycin-C, Ethiodol, and polyvinyl alcohol chemoembolization.

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Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.



To evaluate the response to and survival after chemoembolization with cisplatin, doxorubicin, mitomycin-C, Ethiodol, and polyvinyl alcohol for patients with sarcomas metastatic to the liver that are surgically unresectable.


Sixteen patients were treated. Primary tumors included 11 gastrointestinal leiomyosarcomas, two splenic angiosarcomas, one leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament, one leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava, and one malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the colon. Chemoembolization with cisplatin, doxorubicin, mitomycin-C, Ethiodol, and polyvinyl alcohol particles was performed 1-5 times at approximately monthly intervals (mean, 2.8). Pre- and posttreatment cross-sectional imaging was performed 1 month after completion of treatment and then every 3 months. Thirty-day response was graded according to World Health Organization/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group criteria. Survival was calculated with use of Kaplan-Meier analysis.


Two patients (13%) exhibited partial morphologic response, 11 patients (69%) were morphologically stable, and three (19%) demonstrated progression of disease 30 days after completion of treatment. Among the 13 responders, two underwent partial hepatectomy after initial treatment. Seven developed intrahepatic progression at a mean of 10 months and a median time of 8 months. The remaining four patients had no documented intrahepatic progression at the time of last imaging follow-up. Nine patients developed extrahepatic progression at a mean time of 6.3 months and a median time of 6 months, of whom four underwent additional surgical resection. Response to therapy was based on time of first intervention. Cumulative survival from time of diagnosis with use of Kaplan-Meier analysis was 81% at 1 year, 54% at 2 years, and 40% at 3 years. Median survival time was 20 months. Cumulative survival from initial chemoembolization was 67% at 1 year, 50% at 2 years, and 40% at 3 years, with a median survival time of 13 months. The thirty-day mortality rate was zero.


Durable tumor response with chemoembolization is possible in this form of metastatic disease, which is highly resistant to systemic chemotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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