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Int J Neurosci. 2001 Jan;106(1-2):63-85.

Behavioral and morphological consequences of primary astrocytes transplanted into the rat cortex immediately after nucleus basalis ibotenic lesion.

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CNRS E.P. 1593 et Service de Physiologie, Faculté des Sciences et des Techniques, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France.


Adult male rats received transplants of dissociated 30-day old cultured cortical astrocytes into the ipsilateral frontal and parietal cortex immediately after unilateral ibotenic acid lesion of the NBM or after sham injury. We hypothesized that transplants of astrocytes into the acetylcholine-deprived cortex might provide trophic support to terminals arising from damaged NBM neurons. Twenty four hours after transplantation and every other day for 11 days post surgery, the animals were tested for locomotion and habituation in an open field. NBM lesion reduced vertical movements only as compared to no lesion and no transplant counterparts. Nine days after surgery rats with NBM lesion and astrocyte-transplants into the cortex were as impaired in the acquisition of a passive avoidance (PA) task as untreated counterparts. Animals with no lesions and transplants into the cortex also had significant PA acquisition deficits. All rats with ibotenic lesion were significantly impaired on PA retention as compared to rats with no lesions. Astrocyte-transplants survived up to 2 months after cortical implantation but these transplants produced severe laminar disruption and gliosis. This effect was greater in rats with NBM lesion than in intact animals with transplants into the cortex. These data show that astrocyte-transplants do not promote functional recovery after NBM lesion and suggest an immune rejection of the astrocyte transplants by the host brain.

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