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Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Apr 1;32(7):1055-61. Epub 2001 Mar 21.

Methodological principles of case-control studies that analyzed risk factors for antibiotic resistance: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Dept. of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. aharris@epi.umaryland.edu

Abstract

Case-control studies that analyze the risk factors for antibiotic-resistant organisms have varied epidemiological methodologies, which may lead to biased estimates of antibiotic risk factors. A systematic review of case-control studies that analyzed risk factors for antibiotic-resistant organisms addressed 3 methodological principles: method of control group selection, adjustment for time at risk, and adjustment for comorbid illness. A total of 406 abstracts were reviewed. Thirty-seven studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were reviewed and evaluated for the 3 methodological principles. Thirteen (35%) of 37 studies chose the preferred control group. Eleven adjusted for time at risk. Twenty-seven adjusted for comorbid illness. Future studies need to consider more closely the optimization of control group selection, adjusting for confounding caused by time at risk, and adjusting for confounding caused by comorbid illness.

PMID:
11264034
DOI:
10.1086/319600
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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