Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar 23;282(1):194-9.

SNARE proteins are critical for regulated exocytosis of ECP from human eosinophils.

Author information

Allergy and Lung Research Laboratory, University of Aarhus, Aarhus C, DK-8000, Denmark.


The SNARE hypothesis, describing a protein assembly-disassembly pathway, was recently proposed for the sequential steps of synaptic vesicle docking, activation, and fusion. To determine if SNARE proteins are involved in regulated exocytosis in eosinophils, the presence and functional role of SNAREs was examined in human blood eosinophils. Immunoblotting, subcellular fractionation, and immunocytochemistry documented that vesicle-associated membrane protein-2 (VAMP-2), a vesicle-SNARE, was expressed in human eosinophils. Syntaxin 4 and SNAP-25 were also detected. Sequencing of cloned RT-PCR products amplified from a domain conserved among VAMP isoforms revealed identity only to VAMP-2 but not to VAMP-1 or cellubrevin. Functional experiments revealed that tetanus toxin pretreatment, which cleaved VAMP-2 in eosinophils, significantly inhibited both IgE receptor- and phorbol ester-mediated exocytosis of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) from streptolysin-O-permeabilized eosinophils. Thus, these results strongly suggest a critical role of SNAREs in regulated exocytosis in eosinophils.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center