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J Infect Dis. 2001 Apr 15;183(8):1171-9. Epub 2001 Mar 13.

A canarypox vector-expressing cytomegalovirus (CMV) phosphoprotein 65 induces long-lasting cytotoxic T cell responses in human CMV-seronegative subjects.

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Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA.


The major matrix phosphoprotein 65 (pp65) of cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important target of HLA-restricted cytotoxic T cells (CTL) after natural infection. A canarypox-CMV pp65 recombinant was studied for its ability to induce CMV pp65-specific CTL, helper T lymphocytes, and antibodies in a phase I clinical trial. Twenty-one CMV-seronegative adult volunteers were randomized to receive immunizations at months 0, 1, 3, and 6 with either canarypox-CMV pp65 or placebo. In canarypox-CMV pp65-immunized subjects, pp65-specific CTL were elicited after only 2 vaccinations and were present at months 12 and 26 in all subjects tested. Cell-depletion studies indicated that the CTL were phenotype CD8(+). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells proliferated in response to stimulation with purified pp65, and antibodies specific for pp65 also were detected. Canarypox-CMV pp65 is the first recombinant vaccine to elicit CMV-specific CTL responses, which suggests the potential usefulness of this approach in preventing disease caused by CMV.

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