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J Med Chem. 2001 Mar 1;44(5):763-8.

C-Isoprenylation of flavonoids enhances binding affinity toward P-glycoprotein and modulation of cancer cell chemoresistance.

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Laboratoire des Produits Naturels, CNRS-UMR 5013, UFR de Chimie-Biochimie, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France.


Previous studies have shown that flavones bind to P-glycoprotein (Pgp) with higher affinity than isoflavones, flavanones, and glycosylated derivatives. In the present work, a series of C- or O-substituted hydrophobic derivatives of chrysin were synthesized to further investigate structural requirements of the A ring toward Pgp modulation. Increasing hydrophobicity at either position 6, 8, or 7 increased the affinity of in vitro binding to a purified cytosolic domain of Pgp, but only benzyl and 3,3-dimethylallyl C-substitution produced a high maximal quenching of the protein intrinsic fluorescence. Inhibition of membrane Pgp within leukemic cells, characterized by intracellular drug accumulation, was specifically produced by isoprenylated derivatives, with 8-(3,3-dimethylallyl)chrysin being even more efficient than the commonly used cyclosporin A.

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