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Ups J Med Sci. 2000;105(3):227-34.

Clinicopathologic prognostic factors in patients with Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer: univariate and multivariate analyses.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Sendai National Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Advanced gastric cancer is classified into four Borrmann types, types 1 to 4. Type 4 is a relatively undifferentiated carcinoma with little or no gland-forming capability. Despite recent advances in the diagnosis and surgical management of gastric cancer, most tumors of Borrmann type 4 are not detected at an early stage and the prognosis remains poor; the five-year survival rate after gastric resection ranges from 10 to 20 percent. We evaluated the affects of several clinicopathologic variables on the 5-year survival rate after resection of Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer.

METHODS:

Data on clinical characteristics were obtained from the records of patients who underwent gastric resection between 1985 and 1995 at the Department of Surgery, Sendai National Hospital, and follow-up data were obtained from our tumor registry. Pathologic characteristics were determined from a detailed review of all available histopathologic slides. The relationship between clinicopathologic variables and 5-year survival rate was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the logrank test. Multivariate Cox's proportional hazards regression analysis was then performed to determine which variables were independent prognostic factors.

RESULTS:

Eighty-seven patients with Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer underwent a resection during the study period at our hospital. The overall 5-year survival rate was 14.8%. The relationship between clinicopathologic variables and 5-year survival rate was determined by constructing a Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Tumor location (upper, middle and distal vs whole stomach, p=0.0214), lymph node metastasis, capillary microinvasion, and peritonitis carcinomatosa (absent vs present, p<0.05) significantly influenced survival. When multivariate analysis using Cox's proportional hazards regression of 5-year survival was performed, capillary microinvasion, peritonitis carcinomatosa (absent vs present) and tumor location (distal vs whole stomach) emerged as the statistically significant independent prognostic factors associated with long-term survival.

CONCLUSION:

Capillary microinvasion and the presence or absence of peritonitis carcinomatosa are more powerful predictors of 5-year survival than is lymph node metastasis. Patients with gastric cancer of the whole stomach have a poorer prognosis than do those with carcinoma in the antrum of the stomach.

PMID:
11261608
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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