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J Neurochem. 2001 Mar;76(6):1645-53.

Acute and chronic effects of citalopram on postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) receptor-mediated feedback: a microdialysis study in the amygdala.

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Department of Psychiatry, Academic Hospital Groningen, the Netherlands.


Microdialysis was used to assess the involvement of postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptors in the regulation of extracellular 5-HT in the amygdala. Local infusion of the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist flesinoxan (0.3, 1, 3 microM) for 30 min into the amygdala maximally decreased 5-HT to 50% of basal level. Systemic administration of citalopram (10 micromol/kg) increased 5-HT to 175% of basal level. Local infusion of 1 microM of the 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist WAY 100.635 into the amygdala augmented the effect of citalopram to more than 500% of basal 5-HT level. 5-HT(1A) receptor responsiveness after chronic citalopram treatment was determined in two ways. First, by local infusion of 1 microM flesinoxan for 30 min into the amygdala, which showed a significant 63% reduction in response (area under the concentration-time curve; AUC) for the citalopram group compared to the saline group. Second, by systemic administration of citalopram (10 micromol/kg), which increased 5-HT to 350% of basal level. The effect was larger than in untreated animals, but more important, local infusion of 1 microM WAY 100.635 into the amygdala now failed to augment the effect of citalopram. Both the flesinoxan and WAY 100.635 data suggest an involvement of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptor-mediated feedback in the amygdala, which diminishes following chronic citalopram treatment.

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