Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dig Dis Sci. 2000 Dec;45(12):2399-404.

Herpes simplex-induced fulminant hepatitis in adults: a call for empiric therapy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA.

Abstract

Herpes simplex-induced fulminant hepatitis is an infrequently reported cause of hepatitis in adults. Pregnant females and patients with impaired cellular immunity may be at increased risk, although healthy adults have been affected. The diagnosis may be underrecognized due to nonspecific presenting symptoms and lack of typical cutaneous herpes lesions. We present three cases of fatal herpes simplex fulminant hepatitis. Our review of case reports of herpes simplex hepatitis in adults demonstrates improved survival with intravenous acyclovir therapy. We believe that empiric use of acyclovir should be considered while the diagnostic evaluation of non-acetaminophen-induced fulminant hepatitis is underway. Recognition of characteristic liver function abnormalities seen with fulminant herpes simplex hepatitis include marked elevation of transaminases with AST > ALT and a mild hyperbilirubinemia (anicteric hepatitis), and they should prompt acyclovir therapy. This is especially true when there are no obvious risk factors for other forms of hepatitis.

PMID:
11258565
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center