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Regul Pept. 2001 May 5;99(1):41-4.

Effect of leptin on insulin sensitivity in the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rat.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine, The University of Tokushima, Kuramotocho 3-chome, 770-8503, Tokushima, Japan.


Leptin has been proposed to be a sensor of energy storage in adipose tissues, and is capable of mediating a feedback signal to the hypothalamus, which is involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis and body weight. In order to investigate the issue of whether resistance to the activity of leptin on insulin sensitivity is observed in young Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats at 8 weeks of age, leptin (50 nmol/kg/h) was administered intravenously for 16 h to OLETF and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) (lean controls) rats, followed by a measurement of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in hindlimb muscles during hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp technique. In the case of LETO rats, the administration of leptin significantly decreased plasma insulin levels prior to the clamp test, but did not change plasma glucose levels. Furthermore, leptin led to an increase in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in hindlimb muscles. However, in the case of OLETF rats, leptin administration changed neither plasma insulin levels nor insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. These data demonstrate that OLETF rats at 8 weeks of age have already become resistant to high concentration of peripheral leptin.

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