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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Apr;280(4):E562-9.

Evidence that amylin stimulates lipolysis in vivo: a possible mediator of induced insulin resistance.

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Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St. Vincent's Hospital, 384 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia.


The present study investigated the role of amylin in lipid metabolism and its possible implications for insulin resistance. In 5- to 7-h-fasted conscious rats, infusion of rat amylin (5 nmol/h for 4 h) elevated plasma glucose, lactate, and insulin (P <0.05 vs. control, repeated-measures ANOVA) with peak values occurring within 60 min. Despite the insulin rise, plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) and glycerol were also elevated (P < 0.001 vs. control), and these elevations (80% above basal) were sustained over the 4-h infusion period. Although unaltered in plasma, triglyceride content in liver was increased by 28% (P < 0.001) with a similar tendency in muscle (18%, P = 0.1). Infusion of the rat amylin antagonist amylin-(8-37) (125 nmol/h) induced opposite basal plasma changes to amylin, i.e., lowered plasma NEFA, glycerol, glucose, and insulin levels (all P < 0.05 vs. control); additionally, amylin-(8-37) blocked amylin-induced elevations of these parameters (P < 0.01). Treatment with acipimox (10 mg/kg), an anti-lipolytic agent, before or after amylin infusion blocked amylin's effects on plasma NEFA, glycerol, and insulin but not on glucose and lactate. We conclude that amylin could exert a lipolytic-like action in vivo that is blocked by and is opposite to effects of its antagonist amylin-(8-37). Further studies are warranted to examine the physiological implications of lipid mobilization for amylin-induced insulin resistance.

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