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Inhibition of lignin peroxidase-mediated oxidation activity by ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and N-N-N'-N'-tetramethylenediamine.

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Division of Biochemical Toxicology, National Center for Toxicology Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR, USA.


The mineralization rate of LC-[1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane] (DDT) was reduced by 90% on the 18th day in fungal cultures of Phanerochaete chrysosporium in the presence of 8 mM ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). In the presence of 8 mM N-N-N'-N'-tetramethylenediamine (TEMED), the mineralization rate of 14C-DDT was reduced by 80%. In the presence of 2 mM or 10 mM EDTA, 95% inhibition of lignin peroxidase (LiP) mediated veratryl alcohol oxidase activity and 97% inhibition of LiP mediated iodide oxidase activity occurred. TEMED caused 79% inhibition of veratryl alcohol oxidase activity and 92% inhibition of iodide oxidase activity when the amount used was 2 mM and 10 mM, respectively. In the presence of Zn(II) with slight molar excess of the EDTA concentration, reversed the EDTA mediated non-competitive inhibition of LiP catalyzed veratryl alcohol or iodide oxidation, Zn(II) also reversed the inhibition of LiP catalyzed veratryl alcohol oxidase activity caused by chelators other than EDTA and TEMED. In addition to Zn(II), several other metal ions also relieved EDTA mediated inhibition of veratryl alcohol and iodide oxidase activity catalyzed by LiP. The ability of veratryl alcohol to inhibit iodide oxidation catalyzed by LiP showed that veratryl alcohol could inhibit LiP mediated iodide oxidase activity. Increasing the concentration of iodide was also shown to inhibit veratryl alcohol oxidation. Kinetic analysis showed that the reaction was competitive inhibition.

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