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Network. 2001 Feb;12(1):33-46.

Global dynamics of a network of stochastic neurons maximizes local mutual information.

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ETS de Ingeniería Informática, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.


We define a stochastic neuron as an element that increases its internal state with probability p until a threshold value is reached; after that its internal state is set back to the initial value. We study the local information of a stochastic neuron between the message arriving from the input neurons and the response of the neuron. We study the dependence of the local information on the firing probability alpha of the synaptic inputs in a network of such stochastic neurons. The values of alpha obtained in the simulations are the same as those obtained theoretically by maximization of local mutual information. We conclude that the global dynamics maximizes the local mutual information of single units, which means that the self-selected parameter value of the population dynamics is such that each neuron behaves as an optimal encoder.

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