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Plant Cell. 2001 Mar;13(3):613-26.

Lipoxygenase is involved in the control of potato tuber development.

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Department of Horticulture, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-1100, USA.


Plant lipoxygenases (LOXs) are a functionally diverse class of dioxygenases implicated in physiological processes such as growth, senescence, and stress-related responses. LOXs incorporate oxygen into their fatty acid substrates and produce hydroperoxide fatty acids that are precursors of jasmonic acid and related compounds. Here, we report the involvement of the tuber-associated LOXs, designated the Lox1 class, in the control of tuber growth. RNA hybridization analysis showed that the accumulation of Lox1 class transcripts was restricted to developing tubers, stolons, and roots and that mRNA accumulation correlated positively with tuber initiation and growth. In situ hybridization showed that Lox1 class transcripts accumulated in the apical and subapical regions of the newly formed tuber, specifically in the vascular tissue of the perimedullary region, the site of the most active cell growth during tuber enlargement. Suppression mutants produced by expressing antisense coding sequence of a specific tuber LOX, designated POTLX-1, exhibited a significant reduction in LOX activity in stolons and tubers. The suppression of LOX activity correlated with reduced tuber yield, decreased average tuber size, and a disruption of tuber formation. Our results indicate that the pathway initiated by the expression of the Lox1 class genes of potato is involved in the regulation of tuber enlargement.

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