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Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;132(6):1310-6.

Pharmacokinetics of pefloxacin and its interaction with cyclosporin A, a P-glycoprotein modulator, in rat blood, brain and bile, using simultaneous microdialysis.

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National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei 112, Taiwan.


1. In vivo microdialysis with HPLC was used to investigate the pharmacokinetics of pefloxacin and its interaction with cyclosporin A. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the jugular vein/right atrium, the striatum and the bile duct of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Biological fluid sampling thereby allowed the simultaneous determination of pefloxacin levels in blood, brain and bile. 2. Following pefloxacin administration, the brain-to-blood coefficient of distribution was 0.036. This was calculated by dividing the area under the concentration curve (AUC) of pefloxacin in brain by its AUC in blood (k=AUC(brain)/AUC(blood)). 3. When the P-glycoprotein cyclosporin A (10 mg kg(-1)) was co-administered with pefloxacin (10 mg kg(-1)), the AUC and the mean residence time in rat blood did not differ significantly (P>0.05). Similarly, the pharmacokinetics of pefloxacin in rat brain was not affected by the presence of cyclosporin A. 4. The AUC of unbound pefloxacin in bile was significantly greater than that in blood. The disposition of pefloxacin in rat bile shows a slow elimination phase following a peak concentration 30 min after pefloxacin administration (10 mg kg(-1), i.v.). The bile-to-blood coefficient of distribution (k=AUC(bile)/AUC(blood)) was 1.53. 5. The results indicated that pefloxacin was able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and that the concentration in bile was greater than that in the blood, suggesting active biliary excretion of pefloxacin. Current data obtained from rats show no significant impact of cyclosporin A on the pharmacokinetics of pefloxacin in rat blood and brain when administered by concomitant i.v. bolus.

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