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Am J Cardiol. 2001 Mar 15;87(6):687-92.

Optimal time for predicting myocardial viability after successful primary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction: a study using myocardial contrast echocardiography.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Division, Medical Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908, USA. tasakum@hotmail.com

Abstract

This study sought to elucidate serial changes in microvascular integrity during papaverine-induced hyperemia in the risk area for myocardial infarction. In addition, we attempted to determine the optimal time for predicting myocardial viability. Seventy-two patients who underwent serial myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) before and shortly after (day 1), 1 day (day 2), and 3 weeks (day 21) after recanalization were studied. In 18 of 72 patients, MCE was performed at baseline and during hyperemia using selective intracoronary infusion of papaverine. Both the peak grayscale ratio (PGSR) within the risk area, and the no- and low-reflow ratio (LR ratio) were analyzed in each stage. Left ventricular regional wall motion (RWM) was determined 6 months after recanalization. The correlation coefficient between PGSR with papaverine on day 1 and that on day 2 was 0.54 (p = 0.02); it was 0.50 (p = 0.04) between day 1 and day 21, and 0.82 (p = 0.001) between day 2 and day 21. On day 1, the correlation coefficient between the LR ratio with papaverine and RWM was 0.60 (p = 0.02), which changed to 0.72 (p = 0.003) on day 2 and 0.54 (p = 0.04) on day 21, respectively. The best time to predict viable myocardium was established on day 2 by receiver operating characteristics curves. ST-segment re-elevation, elapsed time from onset to recanalization, and antecedent angina pectoris were independent factors for PGSR on day 2 using stepwise and multiple linear regression analysis. This study suggests that the optimal time to estimate microvascular integrity for predicting myocardial viability might be 1 day after recanalization, which is neither shortly after recanalization nor during the convalescent stage.

PMID:
11249884
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(00)01484-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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