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Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Mar 15;32 Suppl 1:S30-2.

Comparative in vitro activity of moxifloxacin by E-test against Streptococcus pyogenes.

Author information

1
Fundación LUSARA, Mexico City, Mexico. carlos.amabile@lusara.org

Abstract

Macrolides are currently used to treat Streptococcus pyogenes infections where allergy or resistance prevents the use of penicillin. However, growing macrolide resistance is now seen worldwide, with rates of 5%-40% being reported. In this context it is therefore important to have other therapeutic options. The aim of this study was to ascertain the potential role of moxifloxacin, a third-generation fluoroquinolone, in the treatment of infections caused by group A S. pyogenes. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of S. pyogenes isolated from 197 adult patients with pharyngotonsillitis were analyzed by the E-test. Twelve percent of the isolates were resistant to macrolides, and 5% showed diminished susceptibility toward penicillin; none of the strains were resistant to cefotaxime or to moxifloxacin (90% minimum inhibitory concentration, 0.25 microg/mL). Therefore, moxifloxacin may be a therapeutic option in the management of S. pyogenes infections when penicillin cannot be used or when macrolide resistance may be a local issue. Clinical studies of moxifloxacin in pharyngotonsillitis are warranted.

PMID:
11249826
DOI:
10.1086/319373
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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