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FEBS Lett. 2001 Mar 9;492(1-2):33-8.

ctr1, a gene involved in a signal transduction pathway of the gliding motility in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.

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Biomolecule Research Team, Korea Basic Science Institute, Taejon, South Korea.


We generated random Tn5 mutations in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in search for genes involved in the signal transduction cascade for the cyanobacterial gliding motility. One of the non-gliding Tn5 mutants, S1-105, had an insertional inactivation in the slr1044 gene encoding a putative methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein. Interposon mutation on the slr1044 (named ctr1) in the bacterium also eliminated gliding motility. In the interposon mutant, the expression of pilA1 was 5-fold decreased compared with that of wild-type and thick pili, that are believed to be the motor for gliding, could not be observed by an electron microscope. Therefore, we suggest that the Ctr1 protein functions as a transducer that regulates the expression of pilA1, and thus is required for the biogenesis of thick pili.

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