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Microsc Microanal. 2001 Jan;7(1):56-65.

Cardiac Defects Associated with the Absence of the Platelet-derived Growth Factor alpha Receptor in the Patch Mouse.

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Department of Developmental Biology and Anatomy, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 6439 Garners Ferry Road, Columbia, SC 29208


In this report, we describe the distribution of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha) by immunolocalization in the embryonic day 10.5 mouse heart and defects in heart development associated with the absence of this receptor in the Patch mouse. The Patch mouse is a naturally occurring mutant that has been accepted as a model for determining the role of the PDGFRalpha in early cardiac development. Even though other genetic defects exist in this naturally occurring mutant, most defects associated with cardiac development are believed to be a result of the absence of this receptor. Gross morphological defects including improper septation of the outflow tract, dysmorphic shape of the heart, and lack of trabecular development are similar to those that have been previously described. Many of these defects have been attributed to the failure of a subset of non-neuronal neural crest cells to properly migrate into the region of the developing outflow tract. In these studies, we have also used confocal scanning laser and transmission electron microscopy to describe and compare the organization and differentiation of the cytoskeletal proteins actin and myosin in littermate control and Patch mouse hearts. Cytoskeletal organization of the cardiac myocytes in Patch mouse hearts has not previously been described. In most cardiac myocytes of Patch mice, actin was found only on the periphery of the cells, and the organization of actin, myosin, and precursor Z-band material into distinct myofibrils was greatly reduced.

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