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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2001 Mar;52(3):298-305.

Impact of abciximab versus tirofiban on hospital length of stay for PCI patients.

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1
Department of Economics, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine in a naturalistic setting the effect of abciximab versus tirofiban on hospital length of stay for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Retrospective data were obtained from HCIASach's Clinical Pathways Database on 5,560 PCI patients who were administered either abciximab or tirofiban. Multivariate analysis was used to control for a wide range of factors (GPIIb/IIIa selection, patient demographics, insurance provider, health conditions, admission information, and hospital characteristics) that may influence hospital length of stay. Estimation was conducted via a two-stage sample selection model. After controlling for high-risk indications and sources of selection bias, results indicate that receipt of abciximab was associated with significantly shorter lengths of hospital stays compared to tirofiban (1.01 fewer days; p < 0.001). In a subgroup analysis of patients having an acute myocardial infarction (AMI; n = 2,593), receipt of abciximab was also found to be associated with significantly shorter hospital stays compared to tirofiban (0.60 fewer days; p < 0.001). Results of this study indicate that patients who are administered abciximab versus tirofiban have significantly shorter hospital stays. This reduction in length of stay may imply potential cost offsets for PCI patients who receive abciximab.

PMID:
11246240
DOI:
10.1002/ccd.1069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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