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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Apr 2;1504(2-3):220-8.

Stoichiometry of subunit e in rat liver mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase and membrane topology of its putative Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory region.

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Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, Japan.


Previous studies have revealed that residues 34-65 of subunit e of mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase are homologous with the Ca(2+)-dependent tropomysin-binding region for troponin T and have suggested that subunit e could be involved in the Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of H(+)-ATP synthase activity. In this study, we determined the content of subunit e in H(+)-ATP synthase purified from rat liver mitochondria, and we also investigated the membrane topology of a putative Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory region of subunit e using an antibody against peptide corresponding to residues 34-65 of subunit e. Quantitative immunoblot analysis of subunit e in the purified H(+)-ATP synthase revealed that 1 mol of H(+)-ATP synthase contained 2 mol of subunit e. The ATPase activity of mitoplasts, in which the C-side of F(0) is present on the outer surface of the inner membrane, was significantly stimulated by the addition of the antibody, while the ATPase activity of submitochondrial particles and purified H(+)-ATP synthase was not stimulated. The antibody bound to mitoplasts but not to submitochondrial particles. These results suggest that the putative Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory region of subunit e is exposed on the surface of the C-side of F(0) and that subunit e is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase activity probably via its putative Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory region.

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