Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 2001 Feb 15;61(4):1296-8.

Invasiveness of cutaneous malignant melanoma is influenced by matrix metalloproteinase 1 gene polymorphism.

Author information

  • 1Human Genetics Research Division, University of Southampton School of Medicine, United Kingdom.


The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in connective tissue destruction during cancer invasion and metastasis. A naturally occurring variant arising from the insertion or deletion of a guanine in the promoter of the MMP-1 gene has recently been reported and shown to influence its transcriptional activity in melanoma cells. In this study, MMP-1 genotype was determined in 139 Caucasian patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma. The insertion allele was associated with deep invasive, and therefore poorer-prognosis, primary tumors [(34% of patients with vertical growth phase tumor were homozygous for the insertion allele compared with 17% of patients with horizontal growth phase tumor (P = 0.0333; odds ratio = 2.51)]. These data suggest that the invasiveness of cutaneous malignant melanoma is influenced by variation in the MMP-1 gene promoter that affects MMP-1 expression.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center