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Mol Psychiatry. 2001 Jan;6(1):83-6.

A novel polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene associated with late-onset Alzheimer's disease.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. hkunugi@med.teikyo-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Several lines of evidence have suggested altered functions of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the search for polymorphisms in the 5'-flanking and 5'-noncoding regions of the BDNF gene, we found a novel nucleotide substitution (C270T) in the noncoding region. We performed an association study between this polymorphism and AD in a Japanese sample of 170 patients with sporadic AD (51 early-onset and 119 late-onset) and 498 controls. The frequency of individuals who carried the mutated type (T270) was significantly more common in patients with late-onset AD than in controls (P = 0.00004, odds ratio: 3.8, 95% CI 1.9-7.4). However, there was no significant difference in the genotype distribution between the patients with early-onset AD and the controls, although this might be due to the small sample size of the early-onset group. Our results suggest that the C270T polymorphism of the BDNF gene or other unknown polymorphisms, which are in linkage disequilibrium, give susceptibility to late-onset AD. We obtained no evidence for the possible interactions between the BDNF and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genes, suggesting that the possible effect of the BDNF gene on the development of late-onset AD might be independent of the APOE genotype.

PMID:
11244490
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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