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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001 Mar;119(3):216-25.

Factors that relate to treatment duration for patients with palatally impacted maxillary canines.

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Division of Orthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Dentistry/Pharmacy Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2N8.


The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship between the initial position of a palatally impacted maxillary canine (as seen on a panoramic radiograph) and the duration of orthodontic treatment and to determine whether a difference in treatment duration existed between patients with bilateral palatally impacted canines and patients with unilateral impaction. A total of 47 adolescent subjects were chosen (9 subjects with unilateral impactions and 18 subjects with bilateral impactions). All subjects had full fixed orthodontic appliances placed. The treatment duration of this group was compared with that of a control group with similar characteristics but without the impacted canine. The results showed that the average duration of treatment was 22.4 months for the control group, 25.8 months for the unilateral-impacted group, and 32.3 months for the bilateral-impacted canine group. The length of treatment for the impacted canine sample was related to the age of the patient at the start of treatment; younger patients required a longer treatment. The younger the patient, the more severely impacted the canine. The bilateral-impacted canine group had at least 1 canine that was more severely impacted than the impacted canine in the unilateral-impacted group. If the canine was impacted less than 14 mm from the occlusal plane, treatment duration averaged 23.8 months; if the canine was impacted more than 14 mm from the occlusal plane, treatment duration averaged 31.1 months.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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