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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar;281(5):1170-5.

Analysis of molecular interactions of the p53-family p51(p63) gene products in a yeast two-hybrid system: homotypic and heterotypic interactions and association with p53-regulatory factors.

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Department of Retroviral Regulation, Medical Research Division, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan.


p51 in the p53 tumor suppressor family, also referred to as p63, encodes multiple isoforms including p51A (TAp63gamma) and p51B (TAp63alpha). The p53 protein forms a tetramer, and its stability and activity are regulated by molecular association with viral and cellular proteins and by biochemical modifications. Using a yeast two-hybrid system, the p51A and p51B isoforms were examined for homotypic and heterotypic interactions in the p53 family proteins and for their affinity to the p53-regulatory factors. Results indicate a homotypic interaction dependent on the presumed oligomerization domain of the p51 proteins. The possibility of a weak heterotypic interaction between p51 and p73 proteins was suggested, while association between p51 and p53 appeared improbable. Furthermore, unlike p53, the p51 proteins failed to display an affinity to SV40 large T antigen or MDM2-family proteins. Having several features in common with p53, the p51 proteins may function in biological processes apart from p53.

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