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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar;281(5):1093-9.

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated induction of xanthine oxidase/xanthine dehydrogenase activity by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.

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1
Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Department of Anatomy, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Abstract

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), an environmental contaminant, induced xanthine oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase (XO/XDH) activities, in addition to ethoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase and methoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase activities in liver of mice. When TCDD was given to mice as a single oral dose of 40 microg/kg, the activities of XO and XDH increased about threefold within 3 days and the increased levels were maintained for 4 weeks. The treatment of mice with 3-methylcholanthrene also induced XO/XDH activities, but phenobarbital and dexamethasone had no effect. The level of aldehyde oxidase, a molybdenum flavoenzyme related to XO/XDH, in mouse liver was also enhanced about 1.5-fold by TCDD treatment. The inducing effect of TCDD and 3-methylcholanthrene was not observed in null mice (AhR(-/-)), which lack the AhR gene. XO and XDH activities were induced by TCDD in heterozygous mice (AhR(+/-)). The lipid peroxidation in liver was stimulated by TCDD. The induction of XO and XDH, which produces reactive oxygen species, may contribute to the various toxicities of TCDD.

PMID:
11243847
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2001.4464
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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