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Ann Intern Med. 2001 Mar 6;134(5):361-9.

Therapy for Helicobacter pylori in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia. A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials.

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Gastrointestinal Division, Department of Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, 2025 Zonal Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.



To assess the effect of eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori on symptoms of nonulcer dyspepsia.


Duplicate searches of bibliographic databases, reviews of proceedings of annual gastroenterology and H. pylori meetings from 1995 to 1999, reviews of reference lists, and contact with primary investigators and pharmaceutical manufacturers.


Included studies 1) examined patients with nonulcer dyspepsia and H. pylori infection; 2) used combination therapy for H. pylori and a control therapy without efficacy against H. pylori; 3) were randomized, controlled trials; 4) lasted for at least 1 month after the end of therapy; and 5) assessed symptoms of nonulcer dyspepsia. Ten studies were included.


Independent, duplicate data extraction of the methodologic quality, population, intervention, study design, duration, and outcome of the trials.


The odds ratio (OR) for treatment success in nonulcer dyspepsia with H. pylori eradication therapy compared with control therapy was 1.29 (95% CI, 0.89 to 1.89; P = 0.18). However, significant heterogeneity (P = 0.04) calls the validity of aggregating the data into question. Heterogeneity resolved with the exclusion of one study (OR, 1.07 [CI, 0.83 to 1.37]; P > 0.2). For predefined analysis of trials that used a specifically stated definition of dyspepsia (that is, upper abdominal pain or discomfort), the OR was 1.04 (CI, 0.80 to 1.35) without heterogeneity. For treatment that resulted in cure rather than persistent infection, the OR was 1.17 (CI, 0.87 to 1.59) without heterogeneity.


This meta-analysis provides little support for the use of H. pylori eradication therapy in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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