Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Trauma. 2001 Feb;50(2):297-302.

Estimation of intra-abdominal pressure by bladder pressure measurement: validity and methodology.

Author information

  • 1Melbourne Internal Medicine Associates, Melbourne, Florida, USA.



Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is an adverse complication seen in critically ill, injured, and postoperative patients. IAP is estimated via the measurement of bladder pressure. Few studies have been performed to establish the actual relationship between IAP and bladder pressure. The purpose of this study was to confirm the association between intravesicular pressure and IAP and to determine the bladder volume that best approximates IAP.


Thirty-seven patients undergoing laparoscopy had intravesicular pressures measured with bladder volumes of 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 mL at directly measured intra-abdominal pressures of 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mm Hg. Correlation coefficients and differences were then determined.


Across the IAP range of 0 to 25 mm Hg using all of the tested bladder volumes, the difference between IAP and intravesicular pressures (bias) was -3.8 +/- 0.29 mm Hg (95% confidence interval) and measurements were well correlated (R2 = 0.68). Assessing all IAPs tested, a bladder volume of 0 mL demonstrated the lowest bias (-0.79 +/- 0.73 mm Hg). When considering only elevated IAPs (25 mm Hg), a bladder volume of 50 mL revealed the lowest bias (-1.5 +/- 1.36 mm Hg). A bladder volume of 50 mL in patients with elevated IAP resulted in an intravesicular pressure 1 to 3 mm Hg higher than IAP (95% confidence interval).


Intravesicular pressure closely approximates IAP. Instillation of 50 mL of liquid into the bladder improves the accuracy of the intravesicular pressure in measuring elevated IAPs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center