Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2001 Jan-Feb;17(1):12-8.

Visual electrophysiological responses in persons with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Cattedra di Clinica Oculistica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Persons with type 1 diabetes show electrophysiological abnormalities of the visual system which are revealed by methods such as flash electroretinogram (FERG), oscillatory potentials (OPs), pattern electroretinogram (PERG), focal electroretinogram (focal ERG), visual evoked potentials (VEP) in basal condition and after photostress. This review reports the changes in electrophysiological responses of the different structures composing the visual system observed in persons with type 1 diabetes before the development of the overt clinical retinopathy. In persons with type 1 diabetes without retinopathy (IDD), the earlier abnormal electrophysiological responses are recorded from the innermost retinal layers and postretinal visual pathways, as suggested by impaired PERGs and delayed retinocortical time (RCT). These are observed in IDD persons with a disease duration shorter than 6 months. Further electrophysiological changes are recorded from the macula (abnormal focal ERG and VEP after photostress) in IDD persons with disease duration greater than 1 year. Additional electrophysiological changes are recorded from the middle and outer retinal layers (impaired FERG and OPs) in IDD persons with a disease duration greater than 10 years. All the electrophysiological tests show a greater degree of abnormal responses in persons with type 1 diabetes when a background retinopathy is present.

PMID:
11241887
DOI:
10.1002/dmrr.177
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center